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    FOX v. GULF REFINING CO, 295 U.S. 75 (1935)

    U.S. Supreme Court

    FOX v. GULF REFINING CO, 295 U.S. 75 (1935)

    295 U.S. 75

    Fred L. FOX, In his individual right and in his official capacity as Tax Commissioner of the State of West Virginia, appellant,
    No. 70.

    Supreme Court of the United States

    April 8, 1935

    Mr. Homer A. Holt, of Charleston, W. Va., for appellant.

    No opinion filed in Court below.


    Respondent brought this suit to restrain the enforcement of the West Virginia Chain Store Act (Chapter 36, West Virginia Acts, 1933), upon the grounds (1) that gasoline filling stations were not 'stores' within the meaning of the Act; (2) that, if the Act were interpreted to include such filling stations, it violated the due process and equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States; and ( 3) that if the foregoing questions were resolved against respondent, [295 U.S. 75, 76]   there were certain filling stations, particularly described, which were not stores 'belonging to, operated or controlled' by respondent.

    The District Court of three judges (28 U. S. C. 380 [28 USCA 380]) entered a final decree permanently enjoining the enforcement of the Act, and the case comes here on appeal. In so deciding, the District Court sustained the first of the above-mentioned contentions of respondent, and also the second contention with respect to the denial of the equal protection of the laws, following its decision to the same effect in Standard Oil Company v. Fox, 6 F. Supp. 494. That decision was reversed by this Court. Fox v. Standard Oil Company, 294 U.S. 87 , 55 S. Ct. 333, decided January 14, 1935. The District Court did not determine the third contention of respondent, as to its relation to certain gasoline stations and that is the only question now sought to be presented to this Court. The judgment is reversed and the cause is remanded to the District Court, composed as above stated, in order that it may consider and decide that issue.

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