353 U.S. 901
UNITED STATES of America.
Decided March 25, 1957.
On certificate from the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth circuit. [353 U.S. 901 , 902] Mr. Theodore H. Wangensteen, for Wisniewski.
Defendant was convicted of violation of 26 C.F.R. 175.121, a Regulation promulgated by the Secretary of the Treasury under the authority of 2871 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, 26 U.S.C.A. 2871, and providing that:
The Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit has certified to this Court the following question: 'Does the phrase 'any substance' as employed in 26 C.F.R., Section 175.121, 1952 Cumulative Pocket Supplement, include tax paid distilled spirits?'
It appears that the question certified by the Court of Appeals was decided by another panel of that court less than a year and a half before the present certification, on reviewing the dismissal of the indictment in this very case. United States v. Goldberg, 8 Cir., 225 F.2d 180. Because of the volume of business, all but two Circuits have more than three Circuit problems when one panel has doubts about a previous decision by another panel of the same court. Whatever procedure a Court of Appeals follows to resolve these problems-and desirable judicial administration commends consistency at least in the more or less contemporaneous decisions of different panels of a Court of Appeals-doubt about the respect to be accorded to a previous decision of a different panel should not be the occasion for invoking so exceptional a jurisdiction of this Court as that on certification. It is primarily the task of a Court of Appeals to reconcile its internal difficulties. See In re Burwell, 350 U.S. 521 , 76 S. Ct. 539; Western Pacific R. Corp. v. Western Pacific R. Co., 345 U.S. 247 . It is also the task of a Court of Appeals to decide all properly presented cases coming before it, except in the rare instances, as for example the pendency of another case before this Court raising the same issue, when certification may be advisable in the proper administration and expedition of judicial business.
The certificate must be dismissed.