UNITED STATES v. WHEELOCK BROS., INC.
CERTIORARI TO THE COURT OF CLAIMS. *
Argued January 3, 1951.
Decided May 7, 1951.
A private motor carrier sued in the Court of Claims to recover just compensation for an alleged temporary taking of its property and business by the United States under Executive Order No. 9462. While the case was pending, the Motor Carrier Claims Commission Act was enacted; and the motor carrier timely filed its claim with the Commission before the Court of Claims entered judgment. Held: This deprived the Court of Claims of jurisdiction to enter judgment in the case. Pp. 319-320.
115 Ct. Cl. 733, 88 F. Supp. 278, vacated and remanded.
[ Footnote * ] Together with No. 177, Wheelock Bros., Inc. v. United States, also on certiorari to the same court.
Oscar H. Davis argued the cause for the United States. With him on the brief were Solicitor General Perlman, Acting Assistant Attorney General Clapp, Paul A. Sweeney and Melvin Richter.
Max Siskind argued the cause for Wheelock Bros., Inc. With him on the brief were Franklin N. Parks and Leo B. Parker.
Brent O. Stordahl and Nils A. Boe filed a brief for Robert G. May, as amicus curiae, in support of Wheelock Bros., Inc.
Wheelock Bros., Inc., a private motor carrier, sued in the Court of Claims to recover just compensation for an alleged temporary taking of its properties and business by the United States pursuant to Executive Order No. 9462. 9 Fed. Reg. 10071 (1944). The Court of Claims entered judgment awarding Wheelock Bros., Inc., just compensation in an amount less than that claimed. 115 [341 U.S. 319, 320] Ct. Cl. 733, 88 F. Supp. 278 (1950). We granted certiorari on the petitions of both parties. 340 U.S. 808 (1950).
While the action was pending in the Court of Claims, Congress passed the Motor Carrier Claims Commission Act, ** providing that that Commission "shall hear and determine, according to law, existing claims against the United States arising out of the taking by the United States of possession or control of any of the motor-carrier transportation systems described in Executive Order Numbered 9462 . . . ." Section 2. Within the time provided in the Act and before entry of judgment in the Court of Claims, Wheelock Bros., Inc., filed its claim with the Commission.
At the threshold, we are met with the question whether the Court of Claims had jurisdiction to enter judgment in this case. Congress, in 6 of the Motor Carrier Claims Commission Act, expressly provided: